Scientists later mapped Plato's battle onto the brain

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A note for Lesson no. 1, "You Have One Brain (Not Three)," in Seven and a Half Lessons About the Brain by Lisa Feldman Barrett.
Some context from page 14 is:

...scientists later mapped Plato’s battle onto the brain in an attempt to explain how the human brain evolved.

The appendix adds:

The triune brain idea fused neuroscience with Plato’s writings about the human psyche.

The references associated with this appendix entry are:


  1. Cannon, Walter B. 1931. “Again the James-Lange and the Thalamic Theories of Emotion.” Psychological Review 38 (4): 281–295.
  2. Cannon, Walter B. 1927. "The James-Lange theory of emotions: A critical examination and an alternative theory." American Journal of Psychology, 100: 106–124.
  3. MacLean, Paul D. 1949. “Psychosomatic Disease and the ‘Visceral Brain’: Recent Developments Bearing on the Papez Theory of Emotion.” Psychosomatic Medicine 11: 338–353.
  4. MacLean, Paul D. 1990. The Triune Brain in Evolution: Role in Paleocerebral Functions. Berlin: Springer.
  5. Papez, James W. 1937. “A Proposed Mechanism of Emotion.” Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry 38: 725–743.